In Seven Keys to Effective Feedback, Grant Wiggins stresses that effective feedback requires that the student is aware of their goal and that they have been provided with actionable steps to achieve their goal.
When providing feedback, the primary focus should be to connect feedback to the assessment’s learning objective(s). Depending on teaching context, a learning objective can take the form of a standard, a competency, a curricular strand, etc.
Before feedback on an assessment can take place, the learning objective needs to be explicitly taught and the assessment task needs to be directly linked to the learning objective. When providing feedback, teachers should ask themselves:
What has the student achieved in regards to the learning objective?
What is the student missing in regards to the learning objective?
What are the student’s next steps to gain proficiency with the specific learning objective?
In Spaces, learning objectives are visible via curriculum tags. The objective still needs to be explicitly taught, but it is one strategy for making learning visible.